‘Our land. Our home. Our Future’
‘This year’s World Day to Combat Desertification advocates for the importance of inclusive cooperation to restore and rehabilitate degraded land and contribute towards achieving the overall Sustainable Development Goals, which include a target to achieve a land degradation‐neutral world by 2030’ (1).
Desertification is the constant degradation and over-use of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. It turns once fertile soils into sterile land as a consequence of over-exploitation by intensive farming, forest exploitation for fuel and timber, and overgrazing. Drylands occupy nearly half of our planet’s area and affects the livelihoods of 900 million people.
The climatological cause of desertification is simply because areas can dry out if there is less rainfall. Due to the current climate change, dry areas often become drier, turning countries like Spain into deserts, i.e. if the limit of 250 mm. of rain per year is no longer reached.
In 1994, the UN General Assembly declared 17 June, the ‘World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought’ to promote public awareness of the issue, and the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa.
This year’s slogan ‘Our land. Our home. Our Future’ ‘draws global attention to the central role productive land can play in turning the growing tide of migrants abandoning unproductive land into communities and nations that are stable, secure and sustainable, into the future’. (2)
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Sources: (1) UNESCO | (2) africasciencenews.org | moodraiser.com